I think there are principles shared by well-designed things that can be applied to many areas.
These ideas are a work in progress:
A thing should be built for the being it’s serving.
Solutions made for the customer.
Writing that’s easily interpreted by the reader.
Apps focused on serving the user.
A habitat easily navigable by the animal.
Transit directions quickly understood by the traveler.
Every element of a thing should serve a purpose.
Every sentence in my essay should be useful in asserting my thesis.
Every structure built should house something.
Every brushstroke in a painting should be there for a reason.
Processes have multiple parts: micro and macro - change starts at the micro
Microeconomics and macroeconomics.
Cellular productivity and primary productivity.
Lifestyles of individuals and functioning of a city.
When there’s a relationship between elements, changes to one should be reflected by the other.
In a math equation, it’s essential to make the same changes to both sides of the equals sign.
If a change is made to the software employees use, their outputs should change as well.
Nature is the best designer ever.
It does all of the above without fail. Where one of the above is lacking, it’s often because humans messed it up.
I’m a student at Baruch College in New York pursuing a BA in Economics and taking additional courses in architecture, design, sociology, psychology, philosophy, and more to get really good at improving organizations.
I think a broad definition of design is incredibly valuable.